Fine Art: Definition, Meaning and Types


Fine Art is a type of art in which technical perfection is sought in the images created. For this, generally, in the case of visual arts, a dreamy atmosphere is created by manipulating the contrast of the colour palette and giving digital touch-ups. In addition, unreal tones are used and not seen in everyday life.

Like everything in art, this term has varied over time, but the most important thing is that fine art aims to create a work beyond the everyday that awakens our senses. The word “fine” itself aims to describe the purity of the technique rather than the quality of the artwork.

Fine art is also known as high art or major art, because it is considered one of the highest levels of artistic expression. Unlike other types of art that may have practical goals or the expression of ideals, this type of art has purely aesthetic goals.

Different meanings

Contrary to this definition that says that fine art is created solely for aesthetic purposes, there are commercial works of art created for business. In addition to decorating, they fulfil certain functions. We can see it in ceramics or textiles.

Although commercial or common works of art have often been conflated or confused with fine art, there are certain characteristics that are typical of true pieces within this category. In the first place, fine art is characterised by having a smaller and more exclusive public. Fine art works are also unique pieces or are produced in limited quantities. This causes that these works are rarer, therefore more desired and more expensive.

Types of fine art

With the passage of time, the list of the different types of fine arts has been expanded. Previously fine art was made up of the following 5 categories: painting, architecture, sculpture, music and poetry. Currently, there are 7 disciplines that compose it. Here we tell you what they are:

  • Painting: With pigments of different origins, natural and artificial. The artist through his techniques and imagination creates aesthetic images, both real and not, using colours and shapes on canvas and other surfaces.
  • Music: It seeks to achieve beauty through rhythms, melodies and harmonically orchestrated sounds to generate a supreme experience in the listener. These pieces are created with instruments built by humans.
  • Photography: Through image retouching and creativity, the photographer creates highly aesthetic images. Dream photographs to be appreciated.
  • Architecture: Through the different construction materials he creates beautiful homes, buildings and urban spaces. Functional, aesthetic and habitable at the same time.
  • Performing Arts (dance, theatre, films): This set of art uses the human body through rhythms and representations. It seeks to recreate stories or express artistic content through body movements.
  • Sculpture: Using materials such as stone, clay and others, he creates three-dimensional artistic representations, both realistic and abstract. 
  • Poetry and literature: Language is his raw material and with it, he creates stories, theatrical performances or poetic descriptions. These works of art can be read and appreciated over time.

Thus, this type of art expands into various disciplines. It can be appreciated by the most demanding types of public. Fine art aspires to beauty, harmony and the transcendent. They are universal and can be appreciated by all humanity regardless of their differences and individualises. In addition, fine art is durable, and its objective is to be able to communicate its message to future generations.

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